On July 4th, the day the United States of America celebrates its independence, let's take a look at the best chess players in U.S. history. Here we have Kamsky, 22, who beats SuperGM Nigel Short in 26 moves. It's no exaggeration to call Paul Morphy the father of American chess.
He's also 26 years old and it's reasonable to think that his chess heyday has only just begun. So's style of play is precise and secure, and he rarely gets into trouble. This less risky approach has been cited (mostly unfairly) as evidence that So is not an exciting chess player. That argument went overboard last November when So destroyed the world champion of classical chess, Carlsen, in the final of the first world random chess championship of Fischer and FIDE.
So he raised the score, winning the match 13.5-2.5, clearing up any doubts about his brilliance and creativity. On a deeper level, there's a beautiful and inscrutable ending lurking in this game that amazed everyone who analyzed it. The chess supercomputer Sesse found a forced checkmate for Caruana in 30 moves in real time, while millions of people watched the game around the world. The legendary former world champion, GM Garry Kasparov, said that no human could achieve victory.
However, it was there, on the board, as surely as the 64 squares themselves. Almost as a side note, Fischer invented Fischer's random chess (chess 960), which is considered to be one of the most creative chess variants. Fischer also patented a chess clock with an increment, which is the preferred time control for many players today. At the urging of his uncle, he accepted an invitation to play at the First American Chess Congress in New York City.
Byrne represented the United States nine times at the 1952 to 1976 chess Olympics and won seven medals. Morphy is the author of what is arguably the most famous chess game in history, an exhibition against the Duke of Brunswick and Count Isouard at an opera house in Paris. Returning to New Orleans in late 1859 at the age of 22, he retired from active chess competition to begin his law career. Fischer elevated the game of chess to geopolitical philosophy, representing American individualism against the Soviet chess machine.
He played five times for the United States in the chess Olympics, winning a total of nine medals, and his Olympic record is the best of all time among American players. Commentators agree that he was well ahead of his time as a chess player, although there is disagreement about the ranking of his game compared to modern players. Pantheon considers the following people to be the 10 most legendary American chess players of all time. In the 1990s, he patented a modified chess timing system that added an increase in time after each move, which is now common practice in major tournaments and matches.
However, in the short time he spent at the top of the game, he changed it forever with the millions of American players he inspired. He also invented Fischer's random chess, also known as Chess960, a variant of chess in which the starting position of the pieces is randomly assigned to one of the 960 possible positions. In 1975, Fischer refused to defend his title because he could not reach an agreement with FIDE, the international governing body of chess, on the terms of the match. Returning triumphantly to the United States, Morphy toured major cities playing chess on his way back to New Orleans.
He was one of the strongest chess players in the world from the mid-1930s until his retirement from chess in 1951...